A "Bible Revelations" Presentation Created 2000 - Updated Aug. 12, 2006
The Pope and Jerusalem
does the Pope want internationalisation of Jerusalem?
by Rabbi Chaim Richman
As published by THE TEMPLE INSTITUTE
JERUSALEM on March 21, 2000 - the day that Pope John Paul II arrived in
Israel on his Jubilee visit to the Holy Land. Publisher's contact e-mail
address - firstname.lastname@example.org
Today is Purim, that day of turnabout and the hidden, protective hand of Divine Providence. How remarkable that the Pope is visiting Jerusalem this week and arriving in Israel today. Is this mere coincidence — is there ever such a thing? And is it a coincidence that today, on Purim, the Israel Defense Forces plans to withdraw from 6.1% of Judea and Samaria, in the framework of the last stage of the second Oslo withdrawal?
Yesterday was Ta’anit Esther, the Fast Day of Esther. It was on this day that Queen Esther, during the Babilonian captivity of Israel, faced with the reality of the wicked Haman’s plan and the realization that she alone could intercede with the king, declared that all the Jews in Shushan should join together in fast, repentance and prayer. Traditionally, repentance and prayer offered on this day is regarded as having singular merit, and the power of prayer on the Fast of Esther, as well as its ability to be accepted and to nullify evil, is very great. With blasts from the silver trumpets created by the Temple Institute for use in the Holy Temple, a special prayer gathering was held at the Western Wall to cry out to G-d to nullify these decrees, and to bring about a new manifestation of the miracle of Purim.
We have learned that the Purim story all began when the evil King Ahashverosh of Persia decided that the Temple was not going to be rebuilt. To celebrate this, he held a lavish pagan banquet...and as an act of total profanity, he donned the Priestly garments, and served the feast using the sacred vessels that had been plundered by the Babylonians, and taken from Jerusalem at the time of the destruction of the First Temple. Despite the fact that this banquet was calculated and designed for the sole purpose of humiliating and degrading the Jews, all the Jewish people of Shushan attended anyway…even the great leaders of the generation. The sole exception was Mordechai, who donned sackcloth and ashes.
Sometimes it seems that the news coming from Israel must be an elaborate, year-long Purim play…it simply can’t be real. What sane people would willfully bring about the circumstances that guarantee its own destruction, in return for nothing? Are we dreaming? Or could it be that we are all insane?
Here in Israel, some of us have the feeling that we must surely be living out some absurd parody of Jewish existence.
The country is aflutter with excitement over the Papal visit; the Vatican’s flag adorns the streets that will be used by the motorcade, banners declare “Jerusalem welcomes His Holiness the Pope;” Israel Television broadcasts non-stop live coverage of every move the Pontiff makes. The papers are full of commentaries, interpretations and editorials that ring praises for the “new relations” between the Church and Israel.
Israel’s leaders, the perennial emperor with no
clothes and the paradigm of “see no evil, hear no evil,” insist that this is
strictly a “religious” visit and carries no political connotation. In a frenzied
orgy of neurotic self-flagellation, overjoyed to simply have the opportunity to
be used by the partnership of Arafat and the Pope
However, the Palestinian Authority sees it
differently. As we reported yesterday, the Palestinians “have signed a petition
calling on “Pope John Paul II to intervene to lift the siege of Jerusalem…the
petition will be officially presented to the Pope
Yesterday, Israeli news reported that “Local Arabs removed Israeli flags that had been placed in eastern Jerusalem in honor of the visit, and replaced them with Palestinian flags. Similarly, a Palestinian flag was unfurled over Orient House today.” When the Pope ascends to the Temple Mount this Sunday, there to be welcomed by NO Israeli official, but by representatives of the Palestinian Authority, the entire complex will be bedecked in Palestinian flags…
Last month, in the very midst of Israel’s
fever-pitch preparations for the Pope’s visit this week, Israel was shocked to
find that the Vatican announced the signing of a special agreement with the PLO.
What a remarkable alliance! But truthfully, it is
This covenant, entitled “Agreement of Principles Between the Palestine Liberation Organization and the Holy See,” and marked by Arafat kissing the Pope’s ring, calls for “a peaceful solution to the Palestinian-Israeli dispute to be achieved through negotiation and agreement to establish the national, legitimate, and inalienable rights and the legitimate aspirations of the Palestinian people to ensure peace and security for all peoples of the region on the basis of international law and UN resolutions, including the relevant Security Council resolutions, on the basis of justice and equality.”
Thus, while dealing with the peace process and Jerusalem, the document did not once mention Israel, nor did it mention Israel’s security, or the need for normalized relations between Israel and the Palestinians.
It also states “that an equitable solution for
the issue of Jerusalem, based on international resolutions, is fundamental
for a just and lasting peace in the Middle East, and that any unilateral
decisions and actions altering the special character and legal status of
Jerusalem are morally and legally unacceptable.” This historic
Thus, the Vatican considers Israel’s declaration of Jerusalem as it capital to be an example of “unilateral decisions and actions altering the special character and legal status of Jerusalem”…which is “morally and legally unacceptable.”
Is the Vatican fit to teach the world what is morally and legally unacceptable? As it did during the Crusades, the Inquisition and the Holocaust? Where is it written in Israel’s Bible (does anyone remember that Israel brought the Bible to the world) that Jerusalem has a special character and legal status, other than its relationship with the Jewish people? Where is it written that anyone has a say in Jerusalem’s status, or that it requires “international guarantees?” Do London, Paris or Rome require international guarantees?
Is the Pope coming to visit Jerusalem, the
eternal capital of the Jewish people, having never been an Arab capitol, nor
ever the capitol of any other people in the world? He will be met at Orient
House under Palestinian flags, by Palestinian children wearing t-shirts that
bear the logo “Welcome His Holiness to Jerusalem,
What interest has the Pope in visiting the Temple Mount, seeing that the site as well as the concept of the Temple has no place in Catholic theology or doctrine? We are not fooled. Political support for the Palestinians - and not religious reasons - is the main purpose of the Pope’s trip to Israel. It is a clear follow-up of last month’s PLO-Papal Jerusalem declaration.
Today all of Israel celebrates Purim; those in Jerusalem and other ancient walled cities will celebrate Shushan Purim on Wednesday.
“These things should be remembered and kept throughout every generation” (Esther 9:28).
The sages expound upon the meaning of this verse: an aspect of Purim is revisited, and reemerges, every year. What is the aspect of Purim “remembered and kept” today?
We can find it in the incredulous expression of “the King” (as we taught, whenever the words “the King” alone are mentioned in the Scroll of Esther, it refers not to Ahashverosh, but to the Holy One, blessed be He, the King of Kings): “Will he even assault the Queen in my own presence, in the house?” (Esther 7:8)
These are the words of the One G-d of Israel to Pope John Paul II. The Holy One declares:
I came back to My house, My palace, Jerusalem, together with my Queen, my people Israel. You dare to come here, to cast doubts about the status of Jerusalem, to interfere with its sanctity, and to try to cast doubts on Israel’s sovereignty? You have the audacity to come to My House, and assault My people…in My own presence?
With blessings of “the Jews had light, and
gladness, and joy, and honor” (Esther 8:16)
More on this topic further down this Page
Revelations' Reading material:
Back to Jerusalem Countdown - News Items and Reviews
By Lamia Lahoud
JERUSALEM (February 15, 2000) - Palestinian Authority
Palestinian Legislative Council Speaker Ahmed Qurei
He said the PA was lobbying international support for its
Emile Jarjoui, the PLO official who led talks with the
The Vatican has called Israel's annexation of east
Arafat will also pay an official visit to the Italian
Arafat has been lobbying for his idea of sharing undivided
PA officials concede privately that Israel would only
The PA hopes to get the Vatican's backing for the idea.
However, Qurei said, should Israel and the PA fail to
Shaath said the PA was waiting for Israel to come with
After the Signing
Israel Expresses Displeasure Over Vatican-PLO Agreement
(Communicated by the Foreign Ministry
Israel expresses its great displeasure with the declaration made today in Rome by the Holy See and the PLO, which includes the issue of Jerusalem, and other issues which are subjects of the Israeli-Palestinian negotiations on permanent status. The agreement signed by these two parties constitutes a regretful intervention in the talks between Israel and the Palestinians.
There is no denying that Israel safeguards freedom of conscience and freedom of worship for all, and provides free access to the holy places of all faiths. Similarly, there is no question that the religious and cultural character of Jerusalem is being preserved as are the rights of all the religious communities and their institutions in the city.
Consequently, Israel flatly rejects the reference to Jerusalem in the aforementioned document. Jerusalem was, is, and shall remain the capital of the State of Israel, and no agreement or declaration by these or any other parties will change this fact.
- News Items and Reviews
A Covenant Between the Pope and PLO Leader Yasser Arafat Against the G–d and People of Israel and Jerusalem
On 15th February, 2000 at the Vatican, the Pope and the leader of the PLO terrorist organisation, Yasser Arafat, signed a covenant against the G–d and people of Israel and Jerusalem. It was a covenant between two enemies of Israel who for a long time would rather have Israel disappear from the Promised Land as soon as possible.
According to this agreement, Jerusalem should be an international city based on international resolutions and an international guarantee. (The UN decided on more than one occasion that Jerusalem should be an international city.) They also decided that any step or activity taken by Israel to change this position of Jerusalem is against the law. The agreement also recognises a "Palestinian" state in the land of Israel and agrees on cooperation between the Vatican and the PLO and the Vatican committed itself to assist the so-called "Palestinians". Authorities in the Vatican explained: "the agreement paves the way for establishment of full diplomatic relations with a Palestinian state when it is founded". The PLO representative in the Vatican stated: "This is an historical covenant".
It is no accident that this covenant was signed one month before the Pope's visit to Israel. The agreement is part of the long-term policy of the Vatican against Israel ever since the State of Israel was founded. This is a continuation of the historical hostility of the Vatican against the Jewish people. The Jewish people in the exile, mainly in Europe, and later also in South America have been persecuted by the Popes and the Roman Catholic Church and many millions were killed in terrible ways during the Inquisition, the pogroms and, in our time, in the Holocaust when 6 million Jews were killed including 1.5 million children and babies. During the Holocaust the Pope did not even try to prevent this killing or even state that he was against it. He was silent.
On the other hand, the leader of the PLO terrorist organisation, Yasser Arafat, continues, through this covenant, the long, bloody struggle of terror against Israel and Jews and his hands are covered in Jewish blood. His goal was, and still is, to destroy the State of Israel and bring another holocaust on the Jews in the land of Israel. He has now merely changed his strategy when he found that he could not achieve his goal by the means of terror. He has now decided to try to achieve his goal through diplomatic means and the so-called "Peace" negotiations. What he did not succeed in achieving on the battlefield because the G–d of Israel did not allow him to, he is now trying to achieve around the negotiating table.
The traditional anti-Israeli position of both these sides created this covenant against the G–d and people of Israel. They joined forces against Israel and Jerusalem as the godly eternal capital of Israel. Yesterday's picture of the terrorist Yasser Arafat kissing the hand of the Pope after the signing of the covenant, showed an unholy and hypocritical covenant between a mass-murderer and a Pope who the Vatican says is holy. How could the Pope allow this hand which is full of Jewish blood to hold his hand and kiss it. More than being a covenant between two lovers, this was a covenant of hate against Israel.
The Israeli Foreign Ministry reacted immediately and stated that Jerusalem was, is and will forever be the capital of Israel and no covenant or statement will ever change this fact. This statement is a result and continuation of the Word of G–d from thousands of years ago when the G–d of Israel made Jerusalem the eternal capital of Israel.
For thousands of years, Jerusalem, the beloved city of G–d and Israel, the eternal capital of the G–d and people of Israel, was the heart, soul and focus of G–d and His people, Israel. G–d dwelt in the midst of His people on the Temple Mount in Jerusalem. Great songs and exciting prophecies were dedicated by G–d, Israel and the prophets to the city which gave strength, joy and comfort to this nation under good or bad circumstances. After the Romans destroyed the temple in 70 CE, as well as after the first destruction by the Babylonians in 586 BCE, the people of Israel swore before being taken into exile: "If I forget you, O Jerusalem, let my right hand forget her cunning. If I do not remember you, let my tongue cleave to the roof of my mouth; if I do not set Jerusalem above my highest joy." (Psalm137:5,6) Jerusalem was in their hearts and hopes in the darkness of the terrible exile.
The hope to come back to Jerusalem and the Promised Land, to rebuild the temple in Jerusalem and again to worship their beloved G–d gave them great strength to overcome and survive all the terrible persecutions and this is the reason that G–d brought His people back to Jerusalem and to the Promised Land because He so wanted to dwell among them again in the land and city which He promised them in an eternal covenant. He promised Israel that no covenant against the G–d and people of Israel and the land and Jerusalem will last. Through His prophet, Isaiah, He called such a similar anti-godly covenant a covenant with death. In Isaiah 28:15 He said "Because you have said, We have made a covenant with death, and with Sheol are we at agreement; when the overflowing scourge shall pass through, it shall not come to us; for we have made lies our refuge, and under falsehood have we hidden ourselves;" (Isaiah28:15) He stated very clearly that such a covenant would not work but would turn against those who signed it. " And your covenant with death shall be annulled, and your agreement with Sheol shall not stand; when the overflowing scourge shall pass through, then you shall be trampled down by it." (Isaiah28:18)
Only a cornerstone in Zion for the house of G–d and Israel for the covenant between them can and will work. "Therefore thus said the Lord God, Behold, I lay in Zion for a foundation a stone, a tried stone, a precious corner stone, a sure foundation; he who believes shall not make haste." (Isaiah28:16)
Through the prophet Zechariah, the G–d of Israel promised before all the nations that He is determined to redeem Israel in the end-times, the time in which we are now living, to give Jerusalem, the land and the Temple Mount back to them and to dwell among them forever and no one will take Jerusalem from them again. "Again the word of the Lord of hosts came to me, saying, Thus says the Lord of hosts; I was zealous for Zion with great zeal, and I was zealous for her with great fury. Thus says the Lord: I have returned to Zion, and will dwell in the midst of Jerusalem; and Jerusalem shall be called the City of Truth; and the mountain of the Lord of hosts the Holy Mountain. Thus says the Lord of hosts: Old men and old women shall again dwell in the streets of Jerusalem, and every man with his staff in his hand for the fullness of days. And the streets of the city shall be full of boys and girls playing in its streets. Thus says the Lord of hosts: If it is marvellous in the eyes of the remnant of this people in these days, should it also be marvellous in my eyes? says the Lord of hosts. Thus says the Lord of hosts: Behold, I will save my people from the east country, and from the west country; And I will bring them, and they shall dwell in the midst of Jerusalem; and they shall be my people, and I will be their God, in truth and in righteousness. Thus says the Lord of hosts: Let your hands be strong, you who hear in these days these words by the mouth of the prophets, who spoke on the day that the foundation of the house of the Lord of hosts was laid, saying that the temple might be built. For before these days there was no wage for man, nor any wage for beast; nor was there any peace to him who went out or who came in, because of the adversary; for I set all men everyone against his neighbour. But now I will not be to the remnant of this people as in the former days, says the Lord of hosts. For there shall be the seed of peace; the vine shall give her fruit, and the ground shall give her produce, and the heavens shall give their dew; and I will cause the remnant of this people to possess all these things. And it shall come to pass, that as you were a curse among the nations, O house of Judah, and house of Israel; so will I save you, and you shall be a blessing. Do not fear, but let your hands be strong. For thus says the Lord of hosts: As I intended to do evil to you, when your fathers provoked me to wrath, says the Lord of hosts, and I did not relent; So do I intend in these days to do good to Jerusalem and to the house of Judah. Do not fear." (Zechariah8:1-15)
The Pope and Yasser Arafat are trying to prevent G–d from fulfilling His Word. They are still deluded, exactly as they were when Israel was in the exile and they stated and believed that the G–d of Israel divorced His people, Israel, and forgot them and that they are the new Israel. They did not want to accept and believe all the promises of G–d in the Scriptures that His covenant with Israel is an eternal covenant of love and He does not behave like mankind when they divorce their beloved wife for another one. He explained so clearly in prophecy that His love to Israel and His marriage covenant with His wife as He referred to Israel and His faithfulness to His firstborn son, as Israel is called when Moses was sent to Pharaoh to tell him to let the Israelites go, is eternal. At the same time His call to the nations was to stop their hatred and persecution of Israel and to help them to be redeemed. "Thus says the Lord God, Behold, I will lift up my hand to the nations, and set up my standard to the people; and they shall bring your sons in their arms, and your daughters shall be carried upon their shoulders. And kings shall be your foster fathers, and their queens your nursing mothers; they shall bow down to you with their face toward the earth, and lick up the dust of your feet; and you shall know that I am the Lord; for those who wait for me shall not be ashamed." (Isaiah 49:14)
G–d called them to love Him through His people, Israel, and His word to the nations in the end-time was this call: "Thus says the Lord of hosts: It shall yet come to pass, that there shall come people, and the inhabitants of many cities; And the inhabitants of one city shall go to another, saying, Let us go speedily to entreat the favour of the Lord, and to seek the Lord of hosts. I will go also. And many peoples and strong nations shall come to seek the Lord of hosts in Jerusalem, and to pray before the Lord. Thus says the Lord of hosts: In those days it shall come to pass, that ten men from the nations of every language, shall take hold of the robe of a Jew, saying, We will go with you; for we have heard that God is with you." (Zechariah 8:20-23)
He warned the nations not to try to take Jerusalem away from Israel. Thousand of years ago, He saw what the enemies of G–d and Israel would try to do to take the capital of Israel away from His people. He warned them of His judgement which will be terrible: "The burden of the word of the Lord concerning Israel, says the Lord, who stretches out the heavens, and lays the foundation of the earth, and forms the spirit of man inside him. Behold, I will make Jerusalem a cup of reeling to all the people around, and it shall also be against Judah in the siege against Jerusalem. And on that day I will make Jerusalem a burdensome stone for all the peoples; all who burden themselves with it shall be grievously hurt. And all the peoples of the earth shall be gathered together against it. On that day, says the Lord, I will strike every horse with panic, and its rider with madness; and I will open my eyes upon the house of Judah, and will strike every horse of the nations with blindness. And the governors of Judah shall say in their heart, The inhabitants of Jerusalem are my strength through the Lord of hosts their God. On that day I will make the governors of Judah like a hearth of fire among trees, and like a torch of fire in a sheaf; and they shall devour all the peoples around, on the right hand and on the left; and Jerusalem shall be inhabited again in her own place, in Jerusalem. And the Lord shall save the tents of Judah first, that the glory of the house of David and the glory of the inhabitants of Jerusalem do not magnify themselves against Judah. On that day shall the Lord defend the inhabitants of Jerusalem; and he who is feeble among them shall be as David on that day; and the house of David shall be like a divine being, like the angel of the Lord before them. And it shall come to pass on that day, that I will seek to destroy all the nations that come against Jerusalem. And I will pour upon the house of David, and upon the inhabitants of Jerusalem, the spirit of grace and of supplication; and they shall look towards me, regarding those whom the nations have pierced; and they shall mourn for him, as one mourns for an only son, and shall be in bitterness over him, as one who is in bitterness for his firstborn." (Zechariah12:1-10)
The prophet Obadiah also prophesied about the nations which came to take Jerusalem away from Israel and he warned them of the judgement of G–d which is soon to come. "On the day that you stood aloof, on the day that strangers carried away his wealth, and foreigners entered his gates, and cast lots upon Jerusalem, you were like one of them. ... For the day of the Lord is near upon all the nations. As you have done, it shall be done to you; your reward shall return upon your own head. For as you have drunk upon my holy mountain, so shall all the nations drink continually; indeed, they shall drink, and they shall swallow down, and they shall be as though they had not been. But upon Mount Zion shall be deliverance, and there shall be holiness; and the house of Jacob shall possess their own possessions." (Obadiah 11,15-17)
We are living in the greatest time in the history of Israel and all mankind. Everyone is called on to come and see what G–d is doing for Israel in these great days - the last days as the prophets called them. All the end-time prophecies of comfort are daily being fulfilled in Israel. G–d is determined to fulfil His end-time plans with Israel and as time becomes shorter and shorter and the accomplishment of G–d's plans come to a climax, the enemies of G–d and Israel are trying and will try even harder to take Jerusalem, the Temple Mount and the land away from Israel. They will try to do it through manipulated, false covenants, diplomatic ways, false "peace" negotiations with Israel and even through war - the Gog and Magog war as the prophet Ezekiel called it. The Temple Mount and Land of Israel Faithful Movement will not fear any of them. We shall fear our One beloved, eternal G–d only, the G–d of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob. We were, are and ever will be faithful to the G–d of Israel and the creator of the Universe alone. We shall continue to trust in His promises to redeem, protect and control the destiny of Israel, Jerusalem, the Temple Mount and the land which G–d gave to Israel forever. The prophecies of Isaiah are being fulfilled daily in Jerusalem and the Promised Land and we see for ourselves what G–d is saying to Jerusalem, His holy mountain, and to His people, Israel, and our hearts are filled with joy and optimism: "Awake, awake; put on your strength, O Zion; put on your beautiful garments, O Jerusalem, the holy city; from now on there shall no more come to you the uncircumcised and the unclean. Shake yourself from the dust; arise, and sit down, O Jerusalem; loose yourself from the bands of your neck, O captive daughter of Zion. For thus says the Lord, You have sold yourselves for nothing; and you shall be redeemed without money. ... How beautiful upon the mountains are the feet of him who brings good news, who announces peace; who brings good news of good, who announces salvation; who says to Zion, Your God reigns! The voice of your watchmen is heard; together shall they sing; for they shall see eye to eye, when the Lord returns to Zion. Break forth into joy, sing together, you ruins of Jerusalem; for the Lord has comforted his people, he has redeemed Jerusalem. The Lord has made bare his holy arm in the eyes of all the nations; and all the ends of the earth shall see the salvation of our God." (Isaiah52:1-3,7-10) "Rejoice with Jerusalem, and be glad with her, all you who love her; rejoice for joy with her, all you who mourn for her; That you may suck, and be satisfied with the breasts of her consolations; that you may drink deeply, and be delighted with the abundance of her glory. For thus says the Lord, Behold, I will extend peace to her like a river, and the glory of the nations like a flowing stream; then shall you suck, you shall be carried upon her sides, and be dandled upon her knees. As one whom his mother comforts, so will I comfort you; and you shall be comforted in Jerusalem. And when you see this, your heart shall rejoice, and your bones shall flourish like grass; and the hand of the Lord shall be known toward his servants, and his indignation toward his enemies. For, behold, the Lord will come with fire, and with his chariots like a storm, to render his anger with fury, and his rebuke with flames of fire. For by fire will the Lord execute judgment, and by his sword upon all flesh; and the slain by the Lord shall be many. They who sanctify themselves, and purify themselves in the gardens behind one in the midst, eating swine's flesh, and the abomination, and the mouse, shall be consumed together, says the Lord. For I know their works and their thoughts; it shall come, that I will gather all nations and tongues; and they shall come, and see my glory. And I will set a sign among them, and I will send those who escape to the nations, to Tarshish, Pul, and Lud, who draw the bow, to Tubal, and Javan, to far off islands, that have not heard my fame, nor have they seen my glory; and they shall declare my glory among the nations. And they shall bring all your brothers for an offering to the Lord from all nations upon horses, and in chariots, and in litters, and upon mules, and upon fleet camels, to my holy mountain Jerusalem, says the Lord, as the people of Israel bring an offering in a clean utensil to the house of the Lord. And I will also take of them for priests and for Levites, says the Lord. For as the new heavens and the new earth, which I will make, shall remain before me, says the Lord, so shall your seed and your name remain. And it shall come to pass, that every new moon, and every sabbath, shall all flesh come to worship before me, says the Lord. And they shall go forth, and look upon the carcasses of the men who have transgressed against me; for their worm shall not die, nor shall their fire be quenched; and they shall be a loathing to all flesh." (Isaiah66:10-24)
The Temple Mount and Land of Israel Faithful
Movement is sending out a call
Click here for Copy of the Agreement between the Pope and PLO
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information or comments
The Holy See, the Sovereign Authority of the
Catholic Church, and the
Deeply aware of the special significance of the
Holy Land, which is inter
Having reviewed the history and development of
the relations between the
Recalling and confirming the establishment of
the Bilateral Permanent
Reaffirming the need to achieve a just and
comprehensive peace in the
Calling for a peaceful solution of the
Palestinian-Israeli conflict, which
Declaring that an equitable solution for the
issue of Jerusalem, based on
Calling, therefore, for a special statute for
a. Freedom of religion and conscience for all.
b. The equality before the law of the three
monotheistic religions and
c. The proper identity and sacred character of
the City and its universally
d. The Holy Places, the freedom of access to them and of worship in them.
e. The Regime of "Status Quo" in those Holy Places where it applies;
Recognizing that Palestinians, irrespective of
their religious affiliation,
Concluding that the achievements of the
aforementioned Bilateral Permanent
Agree on the following Articles:
The PLO affirms its permanent commitment to
uphold and observe the human
The Holy See affirms the commitment of the
Catholic Church to support this
The Parties are committed to appropriate
cooperation in promoting respect
The Parties will continue to encourage
inter-religious dialogue for the
The PLO will ensure and protect in Palestinian
Law the equality of human
The regime of the "Status Quo" will be
maintained and observed in those
The PLO recognizes the freedom of the Catholic
Church to exercise her
The PLO recognizes the rights of the Catholic
Church in economic, legal and
Full effect will be given in Palestinian Law to
the legal personality of
The provisions of this Agreement are without
prejudice to any agreement
The Bilateral Permanent Working Commission, in
accordance with such
Should any controversy arise regarding the
interpretation or the
Done in two original copies in the English and
Arabic languages, both texts
This Agreement shall enter into force from the
moment of its signature by
Signed in the Vatican, fifteenth of February, 2000
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