Did MESSIAH fulfil the ‘Coming of Shiloh’ with His first Advent?
There is a Messianic school of thought which opposes and rejects “Rabbinic authority and legalism”, maintaining that Messiah’s advent 2000 years ago, fulfills the “Coming of Shiloh” in that “All authority / rule / power in heaven and on earth has (since) been given to Messiah” -according to YAHU’SHUAH Himself in Math. 28:18. Therefore, Judaism and Rabbinic leadership no longer holds ‘the Scepter’, or Lawgiver status (rule) – “Messiah now does”, they maintain.
Let us investigate this claim which also ties up with the claim that, according to Prophetic Script, “David’s throne shall never go empty.” (Jeremiah 33:17-26 and I Chronicles 17:12-14). So, seeing that there is no Davidic king in Israel today, these people claim that we have to conclude that Messiah YAHU’SHUAH does now in fact hold the Davidic Rule and Kingship, and that Rabbinic rule therefore is no longer valid or applicable. The extreme version of this teaching is, that we are no longer ‘under the Law’ but under Grace. We therefore have to forego any notion of authority or ‘Scepter rule’ which still resides in Judah (the Jews) the Scribes and Pharisees or any other than the resurrected Messiah Himself, it is claimed.
Does the Bible really teach that there is to be at all times a Davidic ruler sitting on the royal throne of Israel, without an interruption, as there seems to have been for the last 2000 years? How do the claims of Christianity and Messianic believers (including Jewish Messianics), that Messiah is now “sitting on David’s Throne” as the Scepter Ruler, line up with the Biblical Declaration that “David’s throne shall never go empty?“
This Scepter rule can be divided into various dispensations. It must be emphasised, at the outset, that during all this time, while the Scepter was given to Judah by YHVH, He was King Himself.
Psalm 29:10 “… YHVH sits enthroned as King forever.”
Isaiah 33:22 “… For YHVH is our Lawgiver, YHVH our King and our Saviour.”
Some readers may immediately see a contradiction with regard to the ‘Lawgiver’ status of Judah as referred to in Psalm 60:7 quoted here above, which claims that . ‘Judah is His Lawgiver‘. The answer is of course, that YHVH, the only Lawgiver, has ‘delegated’ this status to His ‘Chosen’ vessel, Judah, as He has also delegated the direct rule over His nation Israel, to Moses, the Judges and the kings of Judah.
Important also – even after the split of the kingdom into Judah and the Northern 10 Israel tribes in the time of king Solomon, the kings of 10-Israel were subject to the rule of the kings of Judah – though Israel rejected it and slipped into paganism and idol worship. Judah continued its rule over mainly two Tribes only: Judah and Benjamin and those Israelites from the Northern Kingdom, who found it impossible to worship YHVH according to His Decrees under the pagan conditions ruling in Northern Israel and they therefore moved to Judah, the Southern Kingdom (2 Chronicles 11:13; 12:9).
Fit 2 Chron 13 -15 re Judah’s authority
The various dispensations of the ‘Scepter Rule – given to Judah’, are as follows:
The Judges of Israel whom God had appointed as shepherds of Israel (12 Tribes), spanning the period after the revelation of the Law from Mt Sinai, the Tabernacle period in the Wilderness, up to the building of the Temple in Jerusalem by king David (2 Samuel 7:7);
The Davidic kingship, up to the time of the exile of Judah into Babylon and the destruction of the 1st Temple in Jerusalem by Nebuchadnezzar in 587 BCE – and here ended the kingdom era for Israel and Judah – almost 600 years before the Advent of Messiah.
Please note, that these two dispensations spanned a period during which first, ‘Israel’ consisted of 12 tribes, and after the exile of Northern Israel (the 10 Tribes) in 721 BCE, only the Southern Kingdom of Judah remained.
Does the fact that both Israel and Judah lost their kingdoms, mean that YHVH reneged on His Promise of an unbroken kingdom line to king David? This Promise was conveyed in a special Divine revelation to David, as related in 2 Samuel 7, that YHVH would preserve and secure the sovereignty of David’s offspring ‘forever’? (verse 12, 13). This Divine Promise is also pronounced in a Declaration of YHVH Himself, through His prophet, in:
Jeremiah 33:17 “For YHVH says this: ‘David shall never lack a male descendant to sit on the Throne of the House of Israel. And the Levitical priests will never lack a male descendant to stand in My Presence and offer holocaust, to burn the oblation and to sacrifice every day … If you could break My Covenant with the Day and My Covenant with the Night, so that day and night not come at their due time, then My Covenant with David My servant might also be broken and he would have no son to reign on his throne and so might My Covenant with the Levitical Priests, who are My ministers
Certainly a very emphatic Divine Declaration. Those who claim that Messiah’s Kingship now replaces the Sceptre Rule of Judah, will also use the Divine revelation to David in 2 Samuel 7, to confirm their position:
2 Samuel 7:12b,13 “I will preserve the offspring of your (David’s) body after you and make His sovereignty secure It is He Who shall build a Temple for My Name and I will make His Royal Throne secure forever.”
This is an obvious reference to the Messiah Who will sit on the Throne of Israel (all 12 Tribes) forever.
If these Scriptures indeed refer to such ‘uninterrupted reign” on the throne of Israel, then the suggestion that Messiah’s Advent took over the Scepter Rule from Judah, falls by the wayside, since history records that the 10 Tribes of Northern Israel already lost their Kingdom 8 centuries before Messiah appeared, followed by the destruction of the Southern Kingdom of Judah, some 600 years before Messiah. Jewish anti-missionaries use this argument to invalidate the claims of YAHU’SHUAH as Messiah, and to destroy the faith of those Messianics who are Jewish, or pro-Jewish.
We have here a dilemma, that even if we can prove that Jeremiah’s Prophecy indeed referred to an interrupted and not an uninterrupted reign, the Messianics who discard Rabbinic authority are still wrong – for we can also prove from Scripture that Messiah did not take over the Scepter from Judah 2000 years ago, at His 1st Advent, and that this taking over is yet future – when He Returns.
Therefore it follows, that there must be a different interpretation of “David shall never lack a male descendant to sit on the Throne of the House of Israel. nor will there ever be the lack a male descendant for the Levitical priests, to stand in His Prescence for the daily offerings …“
The time placement and application to Messiah’s Rule which has ‘taken over the Sceptre Rule’ from Judah since His Advent 2000 years ago, should also be re-considered.
Let us therefore investigate the Divine Declaration in the original Hebrew text, in context with other sections of Scripture which refer to this issue. Rather than deny or discard the claims that Messiah YAHU’SHUAH ever existed, as anti-Missionary Rabbis teach, let us simultaneously also bear in mind a question which underlies our topic and which may simply have a different Time setting:
When did / does / will the Kingship of Messiah really start, in order to end the Scepter rule of Judah?