QA: Holy Spirit in Old and New Testament v. speaking in Tongues

Q: “Do I have to speak in Tongues to be saved?”
“Do Rabbinical Jews believe in the infilling of the Holy Spirit and speaking in tongues?”


It is generally accepted amongst Christians and Hebraic Roots Restorers,  that the Holy Spirit outpouring and related evidence in the New Testament is “something new which did not exist in Old Testament times”. From a proper comparison though, of both the Tanach (‘Old’ Testament according to Christians) and the New Testament, it seems  that very little has changed since Page 1 of the Bible!

The “speaking in strange tongues” referred to in the NT, is often presented as evidence of such a ‘new’ spiritual phenomenon.  It is also presented as a vital requirement for believers to confirm that they are truly in the correct faith.  “Without it, you are ‘not yet there”, the seem to insinuate.

One remarkable quote from the long list of Tanach references to the “Spirit of the Most High’,  is the following:

Isaiah 11:2   “The Spirit of YHVH will rest on him – the Spirit of wisdom and of understanding, the Spirit of counsel and of power, the Spirit of knowledge and of the fear of the YHVH -”  

Thus, it is the Spirit of YHVH that brings us wisdom, understanding, power and knowledge.  So often NT believers desire the outward signs of the Spirit, like healing, miracles and “speaking in tongues” – surely wisdom and knowledge are the more valuable spiritual assets for us as pilgrims?  All the outer signs will be of no avail for finding the True Way, which knowledge and understanding and wisdom can attain for us?

The 2nd outstanding confirmation from the Tanach is:

Zechariah 7:12  “They made their hearts as hard as flint and would not listen to the law or to the words that YHVH Almighty had sent by His Spirit through the earlier prophets. So  YHVH Almighty was very angry.”

How powerful and revealing this text! – to reveal to us that:

  • we can oppose His Spirit with our hardened hearts and blocked ears!
  • The Law had already been sent by the Power of His Spirit through the early Prophets – long before Messiah

So,  now we face a few questions:

  • WHAT is so different that YAHU’SHUAH has brought us, as alleged by so many Messianic believers? – i.e. that which “the Jews never had”, that which “was not applicable in OT times”?
  • is the Spirit which He promised, that would “make us observe His Laws” not the same Spirit that moved the ancient Bible Prophets?
  • what is so ‘new’ in the Pentecost outpouring that Christians and Messianics lay claim to, which they claim makes them different to anything that was before?

The sobering answers to these questions, will reveal to us:

  • that the “New” Covenant is not totally different from the ‘Old” Covenant, so as to do away with most (if not all) that the Old Covenant entailed, as the Church teaches.  .
  • that the “fruits of the Spirit” is not something new, which had been  specially granted to those who accepted Messiah, in order to allegedly “put them on a separate or holier level than the Jews under the ‘Old’ Covenant”.

The long list of texts from the Tanach, tell us that the Spirit of YHVH was as active and fruit bearing in Tanach times as in NT times.

Those believers who ignore this fact or who undervalue its significance, completely miss the wonder of the ‘Salvation’ of YAHU’SHUAH, namely that He renewed these ever existing Spirit Blessings of YHVH with those rebellious souls who formerly rejected His Covenant and His Grace. His Sacrifice offers reconciliation to stray and seeking souls in the wilderness and “exiled amongst the nations”, to renew them to His Eternal Covenant, from which He had never yet rejected Judah. He granted His Eternally Fresh and New ever Living Spirit renewedly to true seekers – the SAME Spirit which all righteous striving souls of all times had always been blessed with.

It is the destructive and soul destroying spirit of ‘Replacement theology’, which claims ‘new’ changed spiritual ‘blessings which had never been granted before.’  This arrogant claim goes even further and rejects the Spirit that has been leading Judah throughout history unto this day, and which now claims sole rights to this ‘new exclusive spiritual blessings’.

It is this reasoning which endangers one’s soul!

Reading the context of Isaiah 11:2  (mentioned above), reveals from verse 10 onwards, that YAHU’SHUAH will bring the exiles of Israel back and re-unite them, thereby achieving the following Wonder:

Isa. 11:13  “Then Ephraim’s (10-Israel’s) jealousy (against Judah) will come to an end and Judah’s enemies be put down;  Ephraim will no longer be jealous of Judah, nor Judah any longer the enemy of Ephraim …”  They will be ONE of mind and belief again, re-united in the One Eternal Covenant with YHVH. Refer The Great Return

THIS is what we should be working and striving for.

Addendum:  List of Texts from the Tanach and the NT to define the Spirit of the Most High:

From the Tanach (O.T.)

  • Genesis 1:2  (Right there at the START!)  “… and the Spirit of God was hovering over the waters.”
  • Genesis 6:3  “Then YHVH said, ‘My Spirit will not contend with man forever'”
  • Exodus 31:3   ” … and I have filled him with the Spirit of God, …”
  • Numbers 11:17   “I will come down and speak with you there, and I will take of the Spirit that is on you and put the Spirit on them. …”
  • Numbers 11:25   “Then YHVH came down in the cloud and spoke with him, and he took of the Spirit that was on him and put the Spirit on the seventy elders. When the Spirit rested on them, they prophesied,…”
  • Numbers 11:26   ” …  the Spirit also rested on them, and they prophesied in the camp. …”
  • Numbers 11:29   “But Moses replied, “Are you jealous for my sake? I wish that all YHVH’s people were prophets and that YHVH would put his Spirit on them”
  • Numbers 24:2   ” … the Spirit of God came upon him …”
  • Judges 3:10   “The Spirit of YHVH came upon him, so that he became Israel’s judge …”
  • Judges 6:34   “Then the Spirit of YHVH came upon Gideon, and he blew a trumpet, …”
  • Judges 11:29   “Then the Spirit of YHVH came upon Jephthah….”
  • Judges 13:25   ” … and the Spirit of YHVH began to stir him while he was in Mahaneh Dan, between Zorah and Eshtaol.
  • Judges 14:6   “The Spirit of YHVH came upon him in power …”
  • 1 Samuel 10:6   “The Spirit of YHVH will come upon you in power, and you will prophesy with them; and you will be changed into a different person.”
  • 1 Samuel 10:10   ” … the Spirit of God came upon him in power, and he joined in their prophesying.”
  • 1 Samuel 11:6   “When Saul heard their words, the Spirit of God came upon him in power, and he burned with anger.”
  • 1 Samuel 16:13   ” … the Spirit of YHVH came upon David in power. … “
  • 1 Samuel 16:14   “Now the Spirit of YHVH had departed from Saul, …”
  • 1 Samuel 19:20   ” … the Spirit of God came upon Saul’s men and they also prophesied.”
  • 1 Samuel 19:23   ” … But the Spirit of God came even upon him, and he walked along prophesying until he came to Naioth.”
  • 2 Samuel 23:2   “The Spirit of YHVH spoke through me; his word was on my tongue.”
  • 1 Kings 18:12   “I don’t know where the Spirit of YHVH may carry you when I leave you. If I go and tell Ahab and he doesn’t find you, he will kill me. Yet I your servant have worshiped YHVH since my youth.”
  • 2 Kings 2:16   “Look,” they said, “we your servants have fifty able men. Let them go and look for your master. Perhaps the Spirit of YHVH has picked him up and set him down on some mountain or in some valley.”
  • 1 Chronicles 12:18   “Then the Spirit came upon Amasai, chief of the Thirty, and he said: “We are yours, O David! We are with you, O son of Jesse! Success, success to you, and success to those who help you, for your God will help you.” …”
  • 1 Chronicles 28:12   “He gave him the plans of all that the Spirit had put in his mind ….”
  • 2 Chronicles 15:1   “The Spirit of God came upon Azariah son of Oded.”
  • 2 Chronicles 20:14   “Then the Spirit of YHVH came upon Jahaziel son of Zechariah, …”
  • 2 Chronicles 24:20   “Then the Spirit of God came upon Zechariah son of Jehoiada …”
  • Nehemiah 9:20   “You gave your good Spirit to instruct them. You did not withhold your manna from their mouths, and you gave them water for their thirst.”
  • Nehemiah 9:30   “For many years you were patient with them. By your Spirit you admonished them …”
  • Job 33:4   “The Spirit of God has made me; the breath of the Almighty gives me life.”
  • Psalm 51:11   “Do not cast me from your presence or take your Holy Spirit from me.”
  • Psalm 104:30   “When you send your Spirit, they are created, and you renew the face of the earth.”
  • Psalm 139:7   “Where can I go from your Spirit? Where can I flee from your presence?”
  • Psalm 143:10   “Teach me to do your will, for you are my God; may your good Spirit lead me on level ground.”
  • Isaiah 11:2   “The Spirit of YHVH will rest on him- the Spirit of wisdom and of understanding, the Spirit of counsel and of power, the Spirit of knowledge and of the fear of YHVH -“
  • Isaiah 32:15   ” … till the Spirit is poured upon us from on high, and the desert becomes a fertile field, and the fertile field seems like a forest.”
  • Isaiah 34:16   “Look in the scroll of YHVH and read: None of these will be missing, not one will lack her mate. For it is his mouth that has given the order, and his Spirit will gather them together.”
  • Isaiah 42:1   “Here is my servant, whom I uphold, my chosen one in whom I delight; I will put my Spirit on him and he will bring justice to the nations.”
  • Isaiah 44:3   “For I will pour water on the thirsty land, and streams on the dry ground; I will pour out my Spirit on your offspring, and my blessing on your descendants.”
  • Isaiah 48:16   “… And now the Sovereign YHVH has sent me, with his Spirit.”
  • Isaiah 59:21   ” As for me, this is my covenant with them,” says YHVH. “My Spirit, who is on you, …”
  • Isaiah 61:1   “The Spirit of the Sovereign YHVH is on me, because YHVH has anointed me to preach good news to the poor. He has sent me to bind up the broken hearted, to proclaim freedom for the captives and release from darkness for the prisoners, …”
  • Isaiah 63:10   “Yet they rebelled and grieved his Holy Spirit. …”
  • Isaiah 63:11   ” …Where is he who set his Holy Spirit among them, …”
  • Isaiah 63:14   “like cattle that go down to the plain, they were given rest by the Spirit of YHVH. …”
  • Ezekiel 2:2   “As he spoke, the Spirit came into me and raised me to my feet, and I heard him speaking to me.”
  • Ezekiel 3:12   “Then the Spirit lifted me up, …”
  • Ezekiel 3:14   “The Spirit then lifted me up and took me away, and I went in bitterness and in the anger of my spirit, with the strong hand of YHVH upon me.”
  • Ezekiel 3:24   “Then the Spirit came into me and raised me to my feet. He spoke to me …”
  • Ezekiel 8:3   “He stretched out what looked like a hand and took me by the hair of my head. The Spirit lifted me up between earth and heaven and in visions of God he took me to Jerusalem,…”
  • Ezekiel 11:1   “Then the Spirit lifted me up and brought me to the gate of the house of YHVH that faces east. …”
  • Ezekiel 11:5   “Then the Spirit of YHVH came upon me, and he told me to say: …”
  • Ezekiel 11:24   “The Spirit lifted me up and brought me to the exiles in Babylonia in the vision given by the Spirit of God. …”
  • Ezekiel 36:27   “And I will put my Spirit in you and move you to follow my decrees and be careful to keep my laws.”
  • Ezekiel 37:1   “The hand of YHVH was upon me, and he brought me out by the Spirit of YHVH and set me in the middle of a valley; it was full of bones.”
  • Ezekiel 37:14   “I will put my Spirit in you and you will live, …”
  • Ezekiel 39:29   “I will no longer hide my face from them, for I will pour out my Spirit on the house of Israel, declares the Sovereign YHVH.”
  • Ezekiel 43:5   “Then the Spirit lifted me up and brought me into the inner court, …”
  • Joel 2:28   ” … And afterward, I will pour out my Spirit on all people. Your sons and daughters will prophesy, your old men will dream dreams, your young men will see visions.”
  • Joel 2:29   “Even on my servants, both men and women, I will pour out my Spirit in those days.”
  • Micah 2:7   “Should it be said, O house of Jacob: “Is the Spirit of YHVH angry? …”
  • Micah 3:8   “But as for me, I am filled with power, with the Spirit of YHVH, …”
  • Haggai 2:5   “‘This is what I covenanted with you when you came out of Egypt. And my Spirit remains among you. Do not fear.’ “
  • Zechariah 4:6   “So he said to me, “This is the word of YHVH to Zerubbabel: ‘Not by might nor by power, but by my Spirit,’ says YHVH Almighty.”
  • Zechariah 7:12   “They made their hearts as hard as flint and would not listen to the law or to the words that YHVH Almighty had sent by his Spirit through the earlier prophets. So YHVH Almighty was very angry.”

New Testament texts re. the Holy Spirit

  • Luke 11:13   is a gift from God
  • Luke 12:12   is a teacher
  • John 14:15- 17, 26   is a Counsellor
  • Acts 1:16   speaks to us through others
  • Acts 2:2   comes upon us with power
  • Acts 2:3   is a source of energy
  • Acts 2:4   is likened to water, causes us to do things we cannot do on
  • our own, and enables us
  • Acts 2:33   is a promise of God
  • Acts 2:38   is a gift
  • Acts 4:25   is spoken through others
  • Acts 4:31   fills us and causes us to speak the word of God boldly
  • Acts 5:3   can be lied to
  • Acts 5:9   can be tested
  • Acts 5:32   is a witness:  is given by God to those who obey Him.
  • Acts 6:10   is a force man cannot stand against
  • Acts 7:51   is a force that men try to resist
  • Acts 7:55   allows us to see beyond our understanding
  • Acts 7:59   is a life-force
  • Acts 8:16   comes to us separate from baptism
  • Acts 8:17   sometimes comes to us by the laying on of hands
  • Acts 8:19   is sometimes not understood
  • Acts 8:29   talks to us and gives us directions
  • Acts 8:39   moves us to other places
  • Acts 9:17   sends others to us
  • Acts 9:31   encourages us
  • Acts 10:19   tells us of future events and gives us understanding
  • Acts 10:38   is an anointment of God and is powerful
  • Acts 10:44   comes upon us as we listen to the word of God
  • Acts 10:45   is a gift and can be poured out on those that we do not understand as worthy.
  • Acts 10:47    can be received
  • Acts 11:12   tells us things that we can trust
  • Acts 11:15   comes upon others as we speak the word of God
  • Acts 11:16   is likened to water, and we can be baptized with the Holy Spirit
  • Acts 11:28    allows us to prophesy
  • Acts 13:2   gives us instructions
  • Acts 13:4   gives us directions
  • Acts 13:9   empowers us to do the work of God
  • Acts 13:52   is synonymous with and exists alongside joy.
  • Acts 15:8   is a gift of acceptance by God
  • Acts 15:28   is able to determine what is good and what is not good
  • Acts 16:6   keeps us from certain things
  • Acts 16:7   keeps us from doing certain things
  • Acts 19:2   is given to us after we believe, not before
  • Acts 19:6   enables us to do what we cannot normally do on our own
  • Acts 20:22    compels us to do things we do not know
  • Acts 20:23   warns us and makes us aware of conditions beyond our realm of understanding
  • Acts 20:28   gives us responsibilities
  • Acts 21:4   speaks to us through others
  • Acts 21:11    communicates to others through our actions
  • Acts 28:25    spoke through the prophets
  • Romans 1:4   is Holy
  • Romans 2:29   is associated with the heart, not the written code
  • Romans 5:5   is a conduit in which Gods love can be poured to us
  • Romans 8:2   is the law of life and sets us free from the law of sin and death
  • Romans 8:4   We live according to the Holy Spirit
  • Romans 8:6   can control our minds.  The Holy Spirit gives us life and peace
  • Romans 8:9   can live in us.  The Holy Spirit marks us as belonging to Y’SHUAH
  • Romans 8:11   is a part of God.  The Holy Spirit raised Y’SHUAH from the dead.  The Holy Spirit gives life to our mortal bodies
  • Romans 8:13   allows us to live
  • Romans 8:14   Those who are led by the Holy Spirit of God are sons of God.
  • Romans 8:15   The Holy Spirit joins us to our Father as his child
  • Romans 8:16   testifies for us
  • Romans 8:23   We are the first fruits of the Holy Spirit
  • Romans 8:26   helps us in our weakness.  The Holy Spirit intercedes for us
  • Romans 8:27   has a mind
  • Romans 11:8   is synonymous with life
  • Romans 14:17   is righteousness, peace and joy
  • Romans 15:13   overflows us with hope.  The Holy Spirit is powerful
  • Romans 15:16   sanctifies us as acceptable offerings to God
  • Romans 15:19   gives us signs and performs miracles
  • Romans 15:30   carries love
  • 1 Corinthians 2:4   has power that can be demonstrated
  • 1 Corinthians 2:6   gives us wisdom
  • 1 Corinthians 2:10   searches all things, even the deep things of God
  • 1 Corinthians 2:11   No one knows the thoughts of God except his Holy Spirit.  As we begin to understand the Holy Spirit, we begin to understand our God
  • 1 Corinthians 2:12   helps us to understand what God has given us.
  • 1 Corinthians 2:13   causes us to speak with understanding apart from human wisdom
  • 1 Corinthians 2:14   The understanding of the Holy Spirit cannot be discerned by those without it
  • 1 Corinthians 3:16   Gods Holy Spirit lives within us
  • 1 Corinthians 6:11   washes us, sanctifies us and justifies us
  • 1 Corinthians 6:19   lives in the temples of our bodies
  • 1 Corinthians 12:3   cannot curse Y’SHUAH.  Only the Holy Spirit can cause someone to say “Y’SHUAH is Lord (YHVH)”
  • 1 Corinthians 12:4   is a unique gift that is common to all spiritual gifts
  • 1 Corinthians 12:7   is a manifestation given for the common good
  • 1 Corinthians 12:8   gives different gifts
  • 1 Corinthians 12:9   gives the message of faith, healing, wisdom, knowledge,
  • 1 Corinthians 12:10   gives miraculous powers, prophesy, speaking in different tongues, interpretation of tongues, discernment,
  • 1 Corinthians 12:11   The gifts of the Holy Spirit are given to us as God determines
  • 1 Corinthians 12:13   We are baptized in the Holy Spirit, we drink the Holy Spirit
  • 2 Corinthians 1:22   can be placed in our hearts as a guarantee of our future
  • 2 Corinthians 3:3   is used to write into our lives to communicate with others
  • 2 Corinthians 3:6   gives life
  • 2 Corinthians 3:8   is a ministry of God
  • 2 Corinthians 3:17   The Holy Spirit is YHVH.  The Holy Spirit gives us freedom.  “Now YHVH is the Spirit, and where the Spirit of YHVH is, there is freedom.”
  • 2 Corinthians 3:18 YHVH is the Holy  Spirit.  “And we, who with unveiled faces all reflect YHVH’s glory, are being transformed intohis likeness with ever-increasing glory, which comes from YHVH, who is the Spirit.”
  • 2 Corinthians 5:5   is a guarantee of God of what is to come
  • 2 Corinthians 13:14   provides fellowship
  • Galatians 3:2   is received by believing what you hear and understand
  • Galatians 3:3   There is a beginning with the Holy Spirit
  • Galatians 3:5   is used to work miracles
  • Galatians 3:14   is a promise of God
  • Galatians 4:6   The Holy Spirit calls out “Abba, Father”
  • Galatians 5:5   We live our lives through the power of the Holy Spirit
  • Galatians 5:17   The Holy Spirit and the sinful nature of man are in conflict with each other
  • Galatians 5:18   leads us
  • Galatians 5:22- 26   “The fruit of the Holy Spirit is love, joy, peace, patience, kindness, goodness, faithfulness, gentleness and self-control.  The Holy Spirit is not conceited, provoking or envious”
  • Galatians 5:25   walks with us
  • Galatians 6:8   One who sows to please the Holy Spirit reaps eternal life
  • Ephesians 1:13   is a promised seal of God.  The Holy Spirit is given to us upon our belief in Y’SHUAH
  • Ephesians 1:17   “I keep asking that the God of our Lord Y’SHUAH, the glorious Father, may give you the Spirit of wisdom and revelation, so that you may know him better.”
    Ephesians 2:18  The Holy Spirit is our access to the
  • Ephesians 2:22   We are dwellings built to house in which our God lives by his Spirit
  • Ephesians 4:3   is unity
  • Ephesians 4:30   The Holy Spirit of God seals us for the day of redemption
  • Ephesians 5:18   fills us
  • Ephesians 6:17   The sword of the Holy Spirit is the word of God
  • Philippians 1:19   assists others by helping us
  • Philippians 2:1   provides fellowship among us
  • Philippians 2:2   is one
  • Philippians 3:3   we worship by the Holy Spirit of God
  • 1 Thessalonians 1:6   gives joy
  • 1 Thessalonians 4:8   God gives us his Holy Spirit
  • 1 Thessalonians 5:19   has fire
  • 2 Thessalonians 2:13   The sanctifying work of the Holy Spirit saves us 1 Timothy 3:16   “Beyond all question, the mystery of godliness is great: He appeared in a body, was vindicated by the Spirit, was seen by angels, was preached among the nations, was believed on in the world, was taken up in glory.”
  • 1 Timothy 4:1   speaks of future things
  • 2 Timothy 1:14   helps us to guard the good that is entrusted to us. The Holy Spirit lives in us
  • Titus 3:5   The Holy Spirit renews us and gives us new life
  • Hebrews 3:7   warns us against sin
  • Hebrews 6:4   can be shared by many
  • Hebrews 9:8   “The Holy Spirit was showing by this that the way into the Most Holy Place had not yet been disclosed as long as the first tabernacle was still standing.”
  • Hebrews 9:14   is eternal
  • Hebrews 10:15   testifies of our God to us
  • Hebrews 10:29   Can be insulted
  • James 2:26   is life
  • 1 Peter 1:2   works in our lives to sanctify us for our Father God
  • 1 Peter 1:12   preaches the gospel to us
  • 1 Peter 3:18   makes us alive
  • 2 Peter 1:21   carries the word of God through us
  • 1 John 3:24   gives us knowledge of God
  • 1 John 4:2   can be recognized
  • 1 John 5:6   testifies the truth of Y’SHUAH to us because the Holy Spirit is the truth
  • 1 John 5:8   “The Spirit is one of three:  the Spirit, the water and the blood; and the three are in agreement.”
  • Jude 1:20   carries our prayers to God
  • Revelation 1:10   is a place one is able to be in
  • Revelation 2:7   speaks to churches
  • Revelation 14:13   speaks in a clearly understandable language
  • Revelation 22:17  “The Spirit and the bride say, “Come!” And let him who hears say, “Come!” Whoever is thirsty, let him come; and whoever wishes, let him take the free gift of the water of life.”

Even a casual scan across these numerous verses should serve to clarify our understanding of this Great Power of God.  Yet, many would want you believe that “unless you brabble in strange tongues / languages, you are ‘not with it'”.